Library

Documents

We have an extensive catalogue of books, articles, periodicals and other text documents related to St. Lucian culture.

Videos

Our library includes thousands of video clips of cultural events and activities since 1970.

Images

Our very large catalogue of images documents our rich cultural heritage over several decades.

Saint Lucia Culture

St Lucian Folk Personalities

An invitation to meet with the Folk heroes of St Lucia, their life, their passion, their battle…

National Dress

A full description of the St Lucia national dress or Jip and her big sister Wob Dwiyet. Beauty and kwéyol tradition.

Cultural map

St. Lucia map

Take a different tour of St Lucia! Go cultural!

Fundraising

FRC Boutique

FRC has a fantastic selection of books, booklets, periodicals, CDs and t-shirts at very reasonable prices. These items are of significant cultural value and make great gifts for any cultural enthusiast!

Partners & Sponsors

Over the years the Folk Research Centre has received financial support from a number of national, regional and inte

Missing Controller

Error: JonenKweyolController could not be found.

Error: Create the class JonenKweyolController below in file: app/controllers/jonen_kweyol_controller.php

<?php
class JonenKweyolController extends AppController {

	var $name = 'JonenKweyol';
}
?>

Notice: If you want to customize this error message, create app/views/errors/missing_controller.ctp Copyright © Folk Research Centre – Saint Lucia 2016.

Credits

Controller dump:

		CakeErrorController Object
(
    

[name]

=> CakeError

[uses]

=> Array ( [0] => Setting [1] => Intro )

[components]

=> Array ( [0] => Auth [1] => Session [2] => RequestHandler [3] => Cookie [4] => Shop )

[helpers]

=> Array ( [0] => Html [1] => Form [2] => Javascript [3] => Ajax [4] => Text ) [catId] => [pdId] =>

[sid]

=>

[here]

=>

[webroot]

=> /

[action]

=>

[params]

=> Array (

[plugin]

=>

[controller]

=> jonen_kweyol

[action]

=> index

[pass]

=> Array ( )

[named]

=> Array ( )

[url]

=> Array (

[ext]

=> htm

[url]

=> jonen_kweyol.htm )

[form]

=> Array ( )

[models]

=> Array ( [0] => Setting [1] => Intro ) )

[data]

=> Array ( )

[paginate]

=> Array (

[limit]

=> 20

[page]

=> 1 ) [viewPath] => errors [layoutPath] => [viewVars] => Array (

[controller]

=> JonenKweyolController [controllerName] => JonenKweyol [cakeDebug] => CakeErrorController Object *RECURSION* ) [pageTitle] => Missing Controller [modelNames] => Array ( [0] => Setting [1] => Intro )

[base]

=>

[layout]

=> default [autoRender] => [autoLayout] => 1 [Component] => Component Object ( [__controllerVars] => Array (

[plugin]

=>

[name]

=> CakeError

[base]

=> ) [_loaded] => Array ( [Session] => SessionComponent Object ( [__active] => 1 [__started] => [__bare] => 0

[valid]

=>

[error]

=> [_userAgent] => 0e53087961bc84f3eeac01e94b8ed8af

[path]

=> / [lastError] =>

[security]

=> medium

[time]

=> 1462902609 [sessionTime] => 1462914609 [watchKeys] => Array ( )

[id]

=> [_log] =>

[host]

=> www.stluciafolk.org

[enabled]

=> 1 ) [Auth] => AuthComponent Object ( [_loggedIn] =>

[components]

=> Array ( [0] => Session [1] => RequestHandler )

[authenticate]

=>

[authorize]

=> [ajaxLogin] => [userModel] => User [userScope] => Array ( )

[fields]

=> Array (

[username]

=> username

[password]

=> password ) [sessionKey] => [actionPath] => [loginAction] => [loginRedirect] => [logoutRedirect] =>

[object]

=> [loginError] => [authError] => [autoRedirect] => 1 [allowedActions] => Array ( ) [actionMap] => Array (

[index]

=> read

[add]

=> create

[edit]

=> update

[view]

=> read

[remove]

=> delete

[create]

=> create

[read]

=> read

[update]

=> update

[delete]

=> delete

[admin_index]

=> read

[admin_add]

=> create

[admin_edit]

=> update

[admin_view]

=> read

[admin_remove]

=> delete

[admin_create]

=> create

[admin_read]

=> read

[admin_update]

=> update

[admin_delete]

=> delete )

[data]

=> Array ( )

[params]

=> Array (

[plugin]

=>

[controller]

=> jonen_kweyol

[action]

=> index

[pass]

=> Array ( )

[named]

=> Array ( )

[url]

=> Array (

[ext]

=> htm

[url]

=> jonen_kweyol.htm )

[form]

=> Array ( ) ) [_methods] => Array ( [3] => parseurl [4] => findprev [5] => findnext [6] => findprevyear [7] => findnextyear [8] => getmission [9] => setpagetitle [10] => _setlanguage [11] => _getlanguage [12] => _setlocale [13] => _getintro ) [_log] =>

[enabled]

=> 1 [Session] => SessionComponent Object ( [__active] => 1 [__started] => [__bare] => 0

[valid]

=>

[error]

=> [_userAgent] => 0e53087961bc84f3eeac01e94b8ed8af

[path]

=> / [lastError] =>

[security]

=> medium

[time]

=> 1462902609 [sessionTime] => 1462914609 [watchKeys] => Array ( )

[id]

=> [_log] =>

[host]

=> www.stluciafolk.org

[enabled]

=> 1 ) [RequestHandler] => RequestHandlerComponent Object ( [ajaxLayout] => ajax

[enabled]

=> 1 [__responseTypeSet] =>

[params]

=> Array ( ) [__requestContent] => Array (

[javascript]

=> text/javascript

[js]

=> text/javascript

[json]

=> application/json

[css]

=> text/css

[html]

=> Array ( [0] => text/html [1] => */* )

[text]

=> text/plain

[txt]

=> text/plain

[csv]

=> Array ( [0] => application/vnd.ms-excel [1] => text/plain )

[form]

=> application/x-www-form-urlencoded

[file]

=> multipart/form-data

[xhtml]

=> Array ( [0] => application/xhtml+xml [1] => application/xhtml [2] => text/xhtml )

[xhtml-mobile]

=> application/vnd.wap.xhtml+xml

[xml]

=> Array ( [0] => application/xml [1] => text/xml )

[rss]

=> application/rss+xml

[atom]

=> application/atom+xml

[amf]

=> application/x-amf

[wap]

=> Array ( [0] => text/vnd.wap.wml [1] => text/vnd.wap.wmlscript [2] => image/vnd.wap.wbmp )

[wml]

=> text/vnd.wap.wml

[wmlscript]

=> text/vnd.wap.wmlscript

[wbmp]

=> image/vnd.wap.wbmp

[pdf]

=> application/pdf

[zip]

=> application/x-zip

[tar]

=> application/x-tar ) [__acceptTypes] => Array ( [0] => ) [__renderType] =>

[ext]

=> htm [__typesInitialized] => [_log] => ) ) [RequestHandler] => RequestHandlerComponent Object ( [ajaxLayout] => ajax

[enabled]

=> 1 [__responseTypeSet] =>

[params]

=> Array ( ) [__requestContent] => Array (

[javascript]

=> text/javascript

[js]

=> text/javascript

[json]

=> application/json

[css]

=> text/css

[html]

=> Array ( [0] => text/html [1] => */* )

[text]

=> text/plain

[txt]

=> text/plain

[csv]

=> Array ( [0] => application/vnd.ms-excel [1] => text/plain )

[form]

=> application/x-www-form-urlencoded

[file]

=> multipart/form-data

[xhtml]

=> Array ( [0] => application/xhtml+xml [1] => application/xhtml [2] => text/xhtml )

[xhtml-mobile]

=> application/vnd.wap.xhtml+xml

[xml]

=> Array ( [0] => application/xml [1] => text/xml )

[rss]

=> application/rss+xml

[atom]

=> application/atom+xml

[amf]

=> application/x-amf

[wap]

=> Array ( [0] => text/vnd.wap.wml [1] => text/vnd.wap.wmlscript [2] => image/vnd.wap.wbmp )

[wml]

=> text/vnd.wap.wml

[wmlscript]

=> text/vnd.wap.wmlscript

[wbmp]

=> image/vnd.wap.wbmp

[pdf]

=> application/pdf

[zip]

=> application/x-zip

[tar]

=> application/x-tar ) [__acceptTypes] => Array ( [0] => ) [__renderType] =>

[ext]

=> htm [__typesInitialized] => [_log] => ) [Cookie] => CookieComponent Object (

[name]

=> CakeCookie

[time]

=>

[path]

=> /

[domain]

=>

[secure]

=>

[key]

=> DYhG93b0qyJfIxfs2guVoUubWwvniR2G0FgaC9micommerceslusite [__values] => Array ( ) [__type] => cipher [__reset] => [__expires] => 0 [_log] =>

[enabled]

=> 1 ) [Shop] => ShopComponent Object (

[controller]

=>

[components]

=> Array ( [0] => Session ) [_log] =>

[enabled]

=> 1 [Session] => SessionComponent Object ( [__active] => 1 [__started] => [__bare] => 0

[valid]

=>

[error]

=> [_userAgent] => 0e53087961bc84f3eeac01e94b8ed8af

[path]

=> / [lastError] =>

[security]

=> medium

[time]

=> 1462902609 [sessionTime] => 1462914609 [watchKeys] => Array ( )

[id]

=> [_log] =>

[host]

=> www.stluciafolk.org

[enabled]

=> 1 ) ) ) [_primary] => Array ( [0] => Session [1] => Auth [2] => RequestHandler [3] => Cookie [4] => Shop ) [__settings] => Array ( ) [_log] => )

[view]

=> View

[ext]

=> .ctp

[output]

=>

[plugin]

=> [cacheAction] => [persistModel] => [passedArgs] => Array ( )

[scaffold]

=>

[methods]

=> Array ( [3] => parseurl [4] => findprev [5] => findnext [6] => findprevyear [7] => findnextyear [8] => getmission [9] => setpagetitle [10] => _setlanguage [11] => _getlanguage [12] => _setlocale [13] => _getintro ) [modelClass] => Setting [modelKey] => cake_error [validationErrors] => [_log] => [Session] => SessionComponent Object ( [__active] => 1 [__started] => [__bare] => 0

[valid]

=>

[error]

=> [_userAgent] => 0e53087961bc84f3eeac01e94b8ed8af

[path]

=> / [lastError] =>

[security]

=> medium

[time]

=> 1462902609 [sessionTime] => 1462914609 [watchKeys] => Array ( )

[id]

=> [_log] =>

[host]

=> www.stluciafolk.org

[enabled]

=> 1 ) [Auth] => AuthComponent Object ( [_loggedIn] =>

[components]

=> Array ( [0] => Session [1] => RequestHandler )

[authenticate]

=>

[authorize]

=> [ajaxLogin] => [userModel] => User [userScope] => Array ( )

[fields]

=> Array (

[username]

=> username

[password]

=> password ) [sessionKey] => [actionPath] => [loginAction] => [loginRedirect] => [logoutRedirect] =>

[object]

=> [loginError] => [authError] => [autoRedirect] => 1 [allowedActions] => Array ( ) [actionMap] => Array (

[index]

=> read

[add]

=> create

[edit]

=> update

[view]

=> read

[remove]

=> delete

[create]

=> create

[read]

=> read

[update]

=> update

[delete]

=> delete

[admin_index]

=> read

[admin_add]

=> create

[admin_edit]

=> update

[admin_view]

=> read

[admin_remove]

=> delete

[admin_create]

=> create

[admin_read]

=> read

[admin_update]

=> update

[admin_delete]

=> delete )

[data]

=> Array ( )

[params]

=> Array (

[plugin]

=>

[controller]

=> jonen_kweyol

[action]

=> index

[pass]

=> Array ( )

[named]

=> Array ( )

[url]

=> Array (

[ext]

=> htm

[url]

=> jonen_kweyol.htm )

[form]

=> Array ( ) ) [_methods] => Array ( [3] => parseurl [4] => findprev [5] => findnext [6] => findprevyear [7] => findnextyear [8] => getmission [9] => setpagetitle [10] => _setlanguage [11] => _getlanguage [12] => _setlocale [13] => _getintro ) [_log] =>

[enabled]

=> 1 [Session] => SessionComponent Object ( [__active] => 1 [__started] => [__bare] => 0

[valid]

=>

[error]

=> [_userAgent] => 0e53087961bc84f3eeac01e94b8ed8af

[path]

=> / [lastError] =>

[security]

=> medium

[time]

=> 1462902609 [sessionTime] => 1462914609 [watchKeys] => Array ( )

[id]

=> [_log] =>

[host]

=> www.stluciafolk.org

[enabled]

=> 1 ) [RequestHandler] => RequestHandlerComponent Object ( [ajaxLayout] => ajax

[enabled]

=> 1 [__responseTypeSet] =>

[params]

=> Array ( ) [__requestContent] => Array (

[javascript]

=> text/javascript

[js]

=> text/javascript

[json]

=> application/json

[css]

=> text/css

[html]

=> Array ( [0] => text/html [1] => */* )

[text]

=> text/plain

[txt]

=> text/plain

[csv]

=> Array ( [0] => application/vnd.ms-excel [1] => text/plain )

[form]

=> application/x-www-form-urlencoded

[file]

=> multipart/form-data

[xhtml]

=> Array ( [0] => application/xhtml+xml [1] => application/xhtml [2] => text/xhtml )

[xhtml-mobile]

=> application/vnd.wap.xhtml+xml

[xml]

=> Array ( [0] => application/xml [1] => text/xml )

[rss]

=> application/rss+xml

[atom]

=> application/atom+xml

[amf]

=> application/x-amf

[wap]

=> Array ( [0] => text/vnd.wap.wml [1] => text/vnd.wap.wmlscript [2] => image/vnd.wap.wbmp )

[wml]

=> text/vnd.wap.wml

[wmlscript]

=> text/vnd.wap.wmlscript

[wbmp]

=> image/vnd.wap.wbmp

[pdf]

=> application/pdf

[zip]

=> application/x-zip

[tar]

=> application/x-tar ) [__acceptTypes] => Array ( [0] => ) [__renderType] =>

[ext]

=> htm [__typesInitialized] => [_log] => ) ) [RequestHandler] => RequestHandlerComponent Object ( [ajaxLayout] => ajax

[enabled]

=> 1 [__responseTypeSet] =>

[params]

=> Array ( ) [__requestContent] => Array (

[javascript]

=> text/javascript

[js]

=> text/javascript

[json]

=> application/json

[css]

=> text/css

[html]

=> Array ( [0] => text/html [1] => */* )

[text]

=> text/plain

[txt]

=> text/plain

[csv]

=> Array ( [0] => application/vnd.ms-excel [1] => text/plain )

[form]

=> application/x-www-form-urlencoded

[file]

=> multipart/form-data

[xhtml]

=> Array ( [0] => application/xhtml+xml [1] => application/xhtml [2] => text/xhtml )

[xhtml-mobile]

=> application/vnd.wap.xhtml+xml

[xml]

=> Array ( [0] => application/xml [1] => text/xml )

[rss]

=> application/rss+xml

[atom]

=> application/atom+xml

[amf]

=> application/x-amf

[wap]

=> Array ( [0] => text/vnd.wap.wml [1] => text/vnd.wap.wmlscript [2] => image/vnd.wap.wbmp )

[wml]

=> text/vnd.wap.wml

[wmlscript]

=> text/vnd.wap.wmlscript

[wbmp]

=> image/vnd.wap.wbmp

[pdf]

=> application/pdf

[zip]

=> application/x-zip

[tar]

=> application/x-tar ) [__acceptTypes] => Array ( [0] => ) [__renderType] =>

[ext]

=> htm [__typesInitialized] => [_log] => ) [Cookie] => CookieComponent Object (

[name]

=> CakeCookie

[time]

=>

[path]

=> /

[domain]

=>

[secure]

=>

[key]

=> DYhG93b0qyJfIxfs2guVoUubWwvniR2G0FgaC9micommerceslusite [__values] => Array ( ) [__type] => cipher [__reset] => [__expires] => 0 [_log] =>

[enabled]

=> 1 ) [Shop] => ShopComponent Object (

[controller]

=>

[components]

=> Array ( [0] => Session ) [_log] =>

[enabled]

=> 1 [Session] => SessionComponent Object ( [__active] => 1 [__started] => [__bare] => 0

[valid]

=>

[error]

=> [_userAgent] => 0e53087961bc84f3eeac01e94b8ed8af

[path]

=> / [lastError] =>

[security]

=> medium

[time]

=> 1462902609 [sessionTime] => 1462914609 [watchKeys] => Array ( )

[id]

=> [_log] =>

[host]

=> www.stluciafolk.org

[enabled]

=> 1 ) ) [Setting] => Setting Object (

[name]

=> Setting [useDbConfig] => default [useTable] => settings [displayField] => id

[id]

=>

[data]

=> Array ( )

[table]

=> settings [primaryKey] => id [_schema] => Array (

[id]

=> Array (

[type]

=> integer

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 4

[key]

=> primary )

[website_name]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[website_url]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[logo_path]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[contact_form_email]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[orders_email]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[front_end_pagination_limit]

=> Array (

[type]

=> integer

[null]

=>

[default]

=> 5

[length]

=> 2 )

[back_end_pagination_limit]

=> Array (

[type]

=> integer

[null]

=>

[default]

=> 10

[length]

=> 2 )

[phone_1]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 15 )

[phone_2]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 15 )

[mobile]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 15 )

[fax]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 15 )

[email_address_1]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[email_address_2]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[address_line_1]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[address_line_2]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[city]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[state_province]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[country]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[business_hours]

=> Array (

[type]

=> text

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> )

[zip_postal_code]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[region]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[copyright]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 55 ) )

[validate]

=> Array ( ) [validationErrors] => Array ( ) [tablePrefix] =>

[alias]

=> Setting [tableToModel] => Array (

[settings]

=> Setting ) [logTransactions] =>

[transactional]

=> [cacheQueries] => [belongsTo] => Array ( ) [hasOne] => Array ( ) [hasMany] => Array ( ) [hasAndBelongsToMany] => Array ( ) [actsAs] => [Behaviors] => BehaviorCollection Object ( [modelName] => Setting [_attached] => Array ( ) [_disabled] => Array ( ) [__methods] => Array ( ) [__mappedMethods] => Array ( ) [_log] => )

[whitelist]

=> Array ( ) [cacheSources] => 1 [findQueryType] =>

[recursive]

=> 1

[order]

=> [__exists] => [__associationKeys] => Array ( [belongsTo] => Array ( [0] => className [1] => foreignKey [2] => conditions [3] => fields [4] => order [5] => counterCache ) [hasOne] => Array ( [0] => className [1] => foreignKey [2] => conditions [3] => fields [4] => order [5] => dependent ) [hasMany] => Array ( [0] => className [1] => foreignKey [2] => conditions [3] => fields [4] => order [5] => limit [6] => offset [7] => dependent [8] => exclusive [9] => finderQuery [10] => counterQuery ) [hasAndBelongsToMany] => Array ( [0] => className [1] => joinTable [2] => with [3] => foreignKey [4] => associationForeignKey [5] => conditions [6] => fields [7] => order [8] => limit [9] => offset [10] => unique [11] => finderQuery [12] => deleteQuery [13] => insertQuery ) ) [__associations] => Array ( [0] => belongsTo [1] => hasOne [2] => hasMany [3] => hasAndBelongsToMany ) [__backAssociation] => Array ( ) [__insertID] => [__numRows] => [__affectedRows] => [_findMethods] => Array (

[all]

=> 1

[first]

=> 1

[count]

=> 1

[neighbors]

=> 1

[list]

=> 1

[threaded]

=> 1 ) [_log] => ) [Intro] => Intro Object (

[name]

=> Intro [actsAs] => Array ( [Translate] => Array ( [0] => title [1] => body ) )

[validate]

=> Array (

[title]

=> Array ( [0] => /.+/ [1] => Array (

[rule]

=> isUnique

[message]

=> This title has already been taken. ) )

[model]

=> Array ( [0] => /.+/ )

[model_display_title]

=> Array ( [0] => /.+/ ) ) [useDbConfig] => default [useTable] => intros [displayField] => title

[id]

=>

[data]

=> Array ( )

[table]

=> intros [primaryKey] => id [_schema] => Array (

[id]

=> Array (

[type]

=> integer

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 11

[key]

=> primary )

[title]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[body]

=> Array (

[type]

=> text

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> )

[model]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[model_display_title]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 ) ) [validationErrors] => Array ( ) [tablePrefix] =>

[alias]

=> Intro [tableToModel] => Array (

[intros]

=> Intro ) [logTransactions] =>

[transactional]

=> [cacheQueries] => [belongsTo] => Array ( ) [hasOne] => Array ( ) [hasMany] => Array ( ) [hasAndBelongsToMany] => Array ( ) [Behaviors] => BehaviorCollection Object ( [modelName] => Intro [_attached] => Array ( [0] => Translate ) [_disabled] => Array ( ) [__methods] => Array ( [translateModel] => Array ( [0] => translateModel [1] => Translate ) [bindTranslation] => Array ( [0] => bindTranslation [1] => Translate ) [unbindTranslation] => Array ( [0] => unbindTranslation [1] => Translate ) ) [__mappedMethods] => Array ( ) [_log] => [Translate] => TranslateBehavior Object (

[runtime]

=> Array ( [Intro] => Array (

[fields]

=> Array ( )

[model]

=> I18nModel Object (

[name]

=> I18nModel [useTable] => i18n [displayField] => field [useDbConfig] => default

[id]

=>

[data]

=> Array ( )

[table]

=> i18n [primaryKey] => id [_schema] => Array (

[id]

=> Array (

[type]

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About FRC

frcbldg.jpg

The Folk Research Centre (FRC) was established in 1973 as repository for cultural heritage, a vehicle for research, study, recording and promulgating Saint Lucia’s rich heritage.  It houses an extensive library of publications, audio visual recordings and photographs and is the major study centre for work carried out into Saint Lucia’s folk culture by both nationals and visiting researchers and students. 

The main objectives of the Folk Research Centre are:

  • to promote research into Saint Lucia’s culture;
  • to explore and clarify the role of culture in the development of our people;
  • to contribute to the cultural development of our people

In addition to its research facilitation mandate, the FRC runs several programmes aimed at promoting folk practices and ensuring their succession.  Among these are Kwéyòl language classes, school programmes for both primary and secondary aged children, Kwéyòl translation services, Kwéyòl orthography, folk art production and exhibitions.  

In August 1999 the FRC was granted Development Agency Status and its headquarters at Mount Pleasant, Castries have been deemed a heritage site as an historical building.

The FRC’s primary thrust in public sensitisation and promotion of Creole culture culminates in October with Creole heritage month.  Jounen Kwéyòl celebrated at the end of October, is a community based celebration of Creole food, music and folk traditions and is observed in conjunction with Journée internationale du Créole.  Jounen Kwéyòl has grown since its inception in 1984 and has gained so much momentum as to become one of the most anticipated events on the national calendar.

The FRC is dedicated to the values of koudmen, the spirit of cooperation, and the responsible stewardship of Saint Lucia’s cultural heritage and resources, and as such is committed to cooperation with other local, regional and international bodies in its efforts to promote a global understanding of culture in development.

Petronilla Deterville dies

The following article was written by John Robert Lee in November 2008 after Petronilla Deterville and her Cecilian Rays and other young musicians, had staged a concert that featured the music of Charles Cadet. She was in the midst of producing a student production of Rawle Gibbons’ “Sing de Chorus” directed by Kentilia Louis, when she died.

Photograph (l-r): Petronilla Deterville, Barbara Duboulay and Laurence Laurent, during Nobel laureate Week 2008, attending a Theatre Conference.

The Folk Research Centre mourns her passing and offers condolences to her family and the community of Anse La Raye.

Petronilla Deterville – a genuine heroine

As with so many of our significant words, “hero” has become devalued by misunderstanding and politicization. Efforts to identify and honour national heroes have foundered, either because of indifference or because ‘heroes’ would be raised up on their political mileage. The cultural heroes gallery of the FRC has been more successfully framed with the lifetime achievements of Harold Simmons, Dame Sesenne Descartes and Dunstan St. Omer, since no one can dispute their outstanding contributions to our cultural life. And those at great personal cost and sacrifice. (In the case of Simmons who died a suicide in 1966, the price of his commitment was tragic.)

            The dictionary definition of hero places courage or outstanding achievements as the qualification for heroic status. And the potential hero is clearly home when the achievements are gained by extraordinary courage. So — it is too early to lay the heavy burden of hero on Darren Sammy or Laverne Spencer. (I would even suggest that it is too soon to lay the mantle of superstar/hero on the majority of our local soca chanters, but I don’t want to go down that road at this time.)

            Occasionally I become aware of certain St. Lucian community leaders for whose selfless dedication I can offer nothing less than great admiration. They include teachers, nurses, social welfare workers, creative arts group leaders, and they are often women. I’m sure if I searched more thoroughly I would find persons in agriculture, fishing, various trades, the religious life and other areas whose love for the people in their village or town is proven by the number of hours they give to their causes. Those who care for the elderly and homeless must be top of the list.

                        Anyway, I want to sing the praises of one of these community figures to whom I would give the title of “heroine”.

            For 27 years, Petronilla Deterville of Anse La Raye (with Canaries, surely one of the most destitute of our tiny, picturesque villages) has led the Cecilian Rays. They are principally a village choir of very young persons. Their feature has been folk music, and they have ventured into musical theatre (no mean feat), performing the folk musical Tinday at the 1992 Carifesta and locally.  The play was written by poet McDonald Dixon, with music composed by Charles Cadet. I remember one of the leading performers in 1992 was a little shabeen child who later developed into the very talented Nadeige.

            For their 27th anniversary, The Cecilian Rays, under the indefatigable leadership of their founder and director Mrs. Deterville, have presented an evening of the songs of Charles Cadet. This was held on St. Cecilia’s day, November 22nd, at the Castries Comprehensive Secondary School. Accompanying the Rays were the Helen Folk Dancers and the Silver Shadow Dancers.

Time out: to remind readers who may not know, that Charles Cadet is the composer of St. Lucia’s Christmas anthem Poinsettia Blossoms. He has also composed a number of other ‘classical folk’ songs, including Ode to an artist for the late actor Howick Elcock who died in 1972. (That song was recently revived by Barbara Cadet, cousin to Charles, in honour of Sir John Compton.) Charles Cadet is also well-known for his unique collaboration with the other Walcott twin, Roderick (1930-2000) on all his popular musical plays. These include Banjo Man, Chanson Marianne, Conte Mabouya, The Wonderful World of Brother Rabbit. Walcott and Cadet have made a very unique and significant contribution to the development of Caribbean musical theatre, that is still largely unrecognized.

For St. Lucia’s first Independence celebrations in 1979, he composed a Mass for Independence, performed then, but yet to be presented again. For Jamaica’s 25th Anniversary of Independence he composed a piece titled A dream of freedom which premiered in London. In more recent years he has composed songs for younger singers like Lennie Stone and Elra Ermay.

            Cadet was well known among his contemporaries of the fifties and sixties as one of our best tenors.

            To get back to Petronilla Deterville and what I consider her heroic status: the group with which Mrs. Deterville produced the Tribute to Charles Cadet numbered almost fifty. Fifty energetic, and no doubt, very contemporary young St. Lucians. I kept thinking, as the show progressed, if these kids were not there that night, on the stage of the CCSS, if they had not been working on this production over the past few weeks, they could have been lost somewhere in the criminal and promiscuous under-world of Anse la Raye or Canaries or the other communities from which they come.

            And Petronilla Deterville has been working with these young people, and others like them, for twenty-seven years! Parents, teachers, counselors, police officers and others who work on the front line of youth problems today, will appreciate the heroic undertaking of this courageous woman.

            But not only has Petronilla Deterville determined that the youth of Anse La Raye have a creative group to come to, to develop their talents in — she has made the promotion and development of St. Lucian music her foremost goal. She has now ensured that the life-long work of Charles Cadet in his composition of St. Lucian ‘classical-folk’ music will not be forgotten. In implanting the lyrics and music of this master’s songs into the memories of these young people, she guarantees that they will endure.

            But there is more: on the night of the performance she announced the launch of the Anse La Raye Charles Cadet Youth Orchestra, complete with acronym ACYO! To see little boys and girls from the west coast shouldering their violins and bowing away is nothing less than a miraculous sight! Yes, out of Anse la Raye that neglected village — home, by the way, of the unassuming People’s Kaiso Monarch Herb Black. Some brown paper bags were passed around for the collection of whatever funds were given, so that more instruments would be bought for the Orchestra. What has been achieved in Anse La Raye by Mrs. Deterville is a model of what is possible elsewhere.

            We who have been working for years in the metropolis of Castries in the creative arts are loud in our complaints of the indifference and official neglect encountered. Not without reason. However, Mrs. Deterville, in far more limiting circumstances, with far less resources, and only she knows at what personal sacrifice and heartbreak, has kept her group alive and growing. She is proving what many have been shouting for years — that the creative arts can make an important and vital contribution to our young people and communities. Instead of guns and knives and drugs these young people of the Cecilian Rays, and now the ACYO, are taking up their voices, their costumes, their instruments and the songs of composers like Charles Cadet and Herb Black, and building for themselves and us, the creative St. Lucia of today and tomorrow.

            For these reasons, for her great courage and real achievements, Petronilla Deterville, is for me, a true St. Lucian hero

National Dress of Saint Lucia

The national or creole dress has it origins in pre-emancipation days when on feast days and holidays African women would depart from donning the dreary uniform or livre that slaves were provided, and would adorn themselves in bright finery purchased from the proceeds of their small garden allotments.  The Jip (sometimes called the madras after the fabric used to make it) is derived from the Wob Dwiyet, a grand robe which was a variation of the European dress of the French settlers, but which has fallen out of use.  Typically when we talk of traditional wear, we talk about women’s wear.  Men would wear black trousers, white long-sleeved shirt with a bow tie and a sash or either coloured satin or madras with black shoes and socks.

How to Wear the Jip

The Madras is a traditional Saint Lucian costume comprising five pieces.  Also known as the national dress, it is worn by women and girls and is almost identical to the traditional costumes worn in other Caribbean countries, which were colonised by the French. It consists of a white cotton blouse (chimiz decolté) and an ankle length skirt (jip) trimmed with lace (bodwi angléz) and red ribbon.  The skirt’s design includes two gathers to the lower half of the skirt.  The most characteristic feature of this costume however, is the material used to make the short outer skirt and the accompanying headpiece.  The material, known as the madras, is named after its place of origin, Madras, India and is believed to have been used daily in earlier times.

The madras headpiece (tèt anlè) is designed out of a square or rectangular piece cut for this purpose.  Worn over the forehead it is creatively folded with a peak(s) extending from the base.

The head piece may be tied with up to four peaks, with the number of peaks signifying the availability of the woman for courtship.

  • one peak –   I am single
  • two peaks –  I am married
  • three peaks- I am widowed or divorced
  • four peaks – I accept everyone who tries

To complete the costume, a triangular satin scarf is pinned on the left shoulder with the apex over the elbow and the two ends tucked beneath the skirt’s waistline.

This elegant madras costume, or national dress is mostly worn during national activities such as Independence Day, National Day and Creole Day (Jounen Kwèyòl).  It is also used for dancing the Quadrille (kwadril) a European inherited dance.

While there is little documentation about the emergence of creole dress, some information has filtered down through our rich oral tradition.  Below are excerpts from an article in the FRC archives entitled From Livre to Douillette by Cissie Caudeiron (VF/FOLK/DRESS):

“The first non-African dress was the uniform or ‘livre’ of the estate.  The uniform was approximately three yards of grey, blue or brown chambray. The custom began in the late 17th century.  Worn initially as a wrap-around or sarong, the dress became a ‘trious trous’, a tunic whith three holes, one for the head and the other two for the arms. A length of rope was worn around the waist to complete the outfit.  Hair was woven into rows of ‘congo’ or allowed to hang in small plaits around the head.  While in the fields, plantation slaves wore wide-brimmed ‘bakoua’ straw hats, while house slaves tied a piece of cloth around their heads.”

On Sundays and holidays, slaves wore what they wished, though no alternative was provided by the estate.  With money obtained from the sale of produce from small plots allotted them, most slaves purchased clothing.  On feast days free women and slaves brought out the bright colourful wear the legacy of which has come to be known as Creole dress:

A floor length skirt of bright colour over a white cotton chemise, trimmed at the neck, sleeves and hem with lace.  A white kerchief was wrapped around the head or sometimes shaped into a bonnet, while a white or coloured cotton triangle or ‘foulard’ was draped over the bosom in the style of the French provincial woman.

At the end of the 18th Century, the square of Indian cotton known as ‘muchoir madras’ became popular with Creole women.  This special type of head kerchief is still only made in one place in India in the little village of Paliaka, two miles northwest of Madras city.

When the madras replaced the white head kerchief, Creole women began to use this pliable material for their pleated ‘foulards’ and even for their ‘jupes’.  Just about this time too ribbons came into vogue and were threaded through the lace of the sleeves and neck of the chemise.  The latter once used to reach halfway down the calves with a lace edge to the hem.  It has been shortened and is more like a blouse, and women began to used heavily starched lace, ribboned petticoats instead.  At about this time, the West African custom of lifting the skirt and flinging it over one arm became fashionable and allowed a partial view of the petticoat. 

Gold jewellery among those who could afford took the place of beads and costume ornaments.

It was from the holiday ‘jupe’ and ‘chemise’ pre-emancipation that the now national dress emerged with the ‘muchoir foulard’, ‘jupe’, ‘chemise’ and ‘jupon a dentelle’ with gold jewellery to accessorise.

Vocabulary of Creole dresses

Wob Dwiyet:

zepeng twanblanc – brooch on head piece

zanno chinil- earrings

kolye chou – neck collar

gwan wob – grand dress

jupon akodyon – accordion skirt

latje jwanwob – hem/ overlap over arm

foula – scarf

tet anle or tet kase – head dress

Jip Dwiyet

madwas – kerchief

foula – scarf

chimiz – blouse

jipon/kotylon – petticoat

jip – skirt

pot bonne –

chimiz dekolte –

mouch vanil-

gad zowey

Missing Controller

Error: MarieClephaDescartesController could not be found.

Error: Create the class MarieClephaDescartesController below in file: app/controllers/marie_clepha_descartes_controller.php

<?php
class MarieClephaDescartesController extends AppController {

	var $name = 'MarieClephaDescartes';
}
?>

Notice: If you want to customize this error message, create app/views/errors/missing_controller.ctp Copyright © Folk Research Centre – Saint Lucia 2011.

Credits

Controller dump:

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[length]

=> 255 )

[address_line_1]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[address_line_2]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[city]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[state_province]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[country]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[business_hours]

=> Array (

[type]

=> text

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> )

[zip_postal_code]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[region]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[copyright]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 55 ) )

[validate]

=> Array ( ) [validationErrors] => Array ( ) [tablePrefix] =>

[alias]

=> Setting [tableToModel] => Array (

[settings]

=> Setting ) [logTransactions] =>

[transactional]

=> [cacheQueries] => [belongsTo] => Array ( ) [hasOne] => Array ( ) [hasMany] => Array ( ) [hasAndBelongsToMany] => Array ( ) [actsAs] => [Behaviors] => BehaviorCollection Object ( [modelName] => Setting [_attached] => Array ( ) [_disabled] => Array ( ) [__methods] => Array ( ) [__mappedMethods] => Array ( ) [_log] => )

[whitelist]

=> Array ( ) [cacheSources] => 1 [findQueryType] =>

[recursive]

=> 1

[order]

=> [__exists] => [__associationKeys] => Array ( [belongsTo] => Array ( [0] => className [1] => foreignKey [2] => conditions [3] => fields [4] => order [5] => counterCache ) [hasOne] => Array ( [0] => className [1] => foreignKey [2] => conditions [3] => fields [4] => order [5] => dependent ) [hasMany] => Array ( [0] => className [1] => foreignKey [2] => conditions [3] => fields [4] => order [5] => limit [6] => offset [7] => dependent [8] => exclusive [9] => finderQuery [10] => counterQuery ) [hasAndBelongsToMany] => Array ( [0] => className [1] => joinTable [2] => with [3] => foreignKey [4] => associationForeignKey [5] => conditions [6] => fields [7] => order [8] => limit [9] => offset [10] => unique [11] => finderQuery [12] => deleteQuery [13] => insertQuery ) ) [__associations] => Array ( [0] => belongsTo [1] => hasOne [2] => hasMany [3] => hasAndBelongsToMany ) [__backAssociation] => Array ( ) [__insertID] => [__numRows] => [__affectedRows] => [_findMethods] => Array (

[all]

=> 1

[first]

=> 1

[count]

=> 1

[neighbors]

=> 1

[list]

=> 1

[threaded]

=> 1 ) [_log] => ) [Intro] => Intro Object (

[name]

=> Intro [actsAs] => Array ( [Translate] => Array ( [0] => title [1] => body ) )

[validate]

=> Array (

[title]

=> Array ( [0] => /.+/ [1] => Array (

[rule]

=> isUnique

[message]

=> This title has already been taken. ) )

[model]

=> Array ( [0] => /.+/ )

[model_display_title]

=> Array ( [0] => /.+/ ) ) [useDbConfig] => default [useTable] => intros [displayField] => title

[id]

=>

[data]

=> Array ( )

[table]

=> intros [primaryKey] => id [_schema] => Array (

[id]

=> Array (

[type]

=> integer

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 11

[key]

=> primary )

[title]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[body]

=> Array (

[type]

=> text

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> )

[model]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 )

[model_display_title]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255 ) ) [validationErrors] => Array ( ) [tablePrefix] =>

[alias]

=> Intro [tableToModel] => Array (

[intros]

=> Intro ) [logTransactions] =>

[transactional]

=> [cacheQueries] => [belongsTo] => Array ( ) [hasOne] => Array ( ) [hasMany] => Array ( ) [hasAndBelongsToMany] => Array ( ) [Behaviors] => BehaviorCollection Object ( [modelName] => Intro [_attached] => Array ( [0] => Translate ) [_disabled] => Array ( ) [__methods] => Array ( [translateModel] => Array ( [0] => translateModel [1] => Translate ) [bindTranslation] => Array ( [0] => bindTranslation [1] => Translate ) [unbindTranslation] => Array ( [0] => unbindTranslation [1] => Translate ) ) [__mappedMethods] => Array ( ) [_log] => [Translate] => TranslateBehavior Object (

[runtime]

=> Array ( [Intro] => Array (

[fields]

=> Array ( )

[model]

=> I18nModel Object (

[name]

=> I18nModel [useTable] => i18n [displayField] => field [useDbConfig] => default

[id]

=>

[data]

=> Array ( )

[table]

=> i18n [primaryKey] => id [_schema] => Array (

[id]

=> Array (

[type]

=> integer

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 10

[key]

=> primary )

[locale]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 6

[key]

=> index )

[model]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255

[key]

=> index )

[foreign_key]

=> Array (

[type]

=> integer

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 10

[key]

=> index )

[field]

=> Array (

[type]

=> string

[null]

=>

[default]

=>

[length]

=> 255

[key]

=> index )

[content]

=> Array (

[type]

=> text

[null]

=> 1

[default]

=>

[length]

=> ) )

[validate]

=> Array ( ) [validationErrors] => Array ( ) [tablePrefix] =>

[alias]

=> I18nModel [tableToModel] => Array (

[i18n]

=> I18nModel ) [logTransactions] =>

[transactional]

=> [cacheQueries] => [belongsTo] => Array ( ) [hasOne] => Array ( ) [hasMany] => Array ( ) [hasAndBelongsToMany] => Array ( ) [actsAs] => [Behaviors] => BehaviorCollection Object ( [modelName] => I18nModel [_attached] => Array ( ) [_disabled] => Array ( ) [__methods] => Array ( ) [__mappedMethods] => Array ( ) [_log] => )

[whitelist]

=> Array ( ) [cacheSources] => 1 [findQueryType] =>

[recursive]

=> 1

[order]

=> [__exists] => [__associationKeys] => Array ( [belongsTo] => Array ( [0] => className [1] => foreignKey [2] => conditions [3] => fields [4] => order [5] => counterCache ) [hasOne] => Array ( [0] => className [1] => foreignKey [2] => conditions [3] => fields [4] => order [5] => dependent ) [hasMany] => Array ( [0] => className [1] => foreignKey [2] => conditions [3] => fields [4] => order [5] => limit [6] => offset [7] => dependent [8] => exclusive [9] => finderQuery [10] => counterQuery ) [hasAndBelongsToMany] => Array ( [0] => className [1] => joinTable [2] => with [3] => foreignKey [4] => associationForeignKey [5] => conditions [6] => fields [7] => order [8] => limit [9] => offset [10] => unique [11] => finderQuery [12] => deleteQuery [13] => insertQuery ) ) [__associations] => Array ( [0] => belongsTo [1] => hasOne [2] => hasMany [3] => hasAndBelongsToMany ) [__backAssociation] => Array ( ) [__insertID] => [__numRows] => [__affectedRows] => [_findMethods] => Array (

[all]

=> 1

[first]

=> 1

[count]

=> 1

[neighbors]

=> 1

[list]

=> 1

[threaded]

=> 1 ) [_log] => ) ) )

[settings]

=> Array ( [Intro] => Array ( [0] => title [1] => body ) ) [mapMethods] => Array ( ) [_log] => ) )

[whitelist]

=> Array ( ) [cacheSources] => 1 [findQueryType] =>

[recursive]

=> 1

[order]

=> [__exists] => [__associationKeys] => Array ( [belongsTo] => Array ( [0] => className [1] => foreignKey [2] => conditions [3] => fields [4] => order [5] => counterCache ) [hasOne] => Array ( [0] => className [1] => foreignKey [2] => conditions [3] => fields [4] => order [5] => dependent ) [hasMany] => Array ( [0] => className [1] => foreignKey [2] => conditions [3] => fields [4] => order [5] => limit [6] => offset [7] => dependent [8] => exclusive [9] => finderQuery [10] => counterQuery ) [hasAndBelongsToMany] => Array ( [0] => className [1] => joinTable [2] => with [3] => foreignKey [4] => associationForeignKey [5] => conditions [6] => fields [7] => order [8] => limit [9] => offset [10] => unique [11] => finderQuery [12] => deleteQuery [13] => insertQuery ) ) [__associations] => Array ( [0] => belongsTo [1] => hasOne [2] => hasMany [3] => hasAndBelongsToMany ) [__backAssociation] => Array ( ) [__insertID] => [__numRows] => [__affectedRows] => [_findMethods] => Array (

[all]

=> 1

[first]

=> 1

[count]

=> 1

[neighbors]

=> 1

[list]

=> 1

[threaded]

=> 1 ) [_log] => ) )

NrQueryErrorAffectedNum. rowsTook (ms)
1SELECT `Intro`.*, `I18n__title`.`content`, `I18n__body`.`content` FROM `intros` AS `Intro` LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__title` ON (`Intro`.`id` = `I18n__title`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__title`.`model` = ‘Intro’ AND `I18n__title`.`field` = ‘title’) LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__body` ON (`Intro`.`id` = `I18n__body`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__body`.`model` = ‘Intro’ AND `I18n__body`.`field` = ‘body’) WHERE `Intro`.`model` = ‘Programme’ AND `I18n__title`.`locale` = ‘eng’ AND `I18n__body`.`locale` = ‘eng’ LIMIT 1000
2SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`website_name`, `Setting`.`website_url`, `Setting`.`logo_path`, `Setting`.`contact_form_email`, `Setting`.`orders_email`, `Setting`.`front_end_pagination_limit`, `Setting`.`back_end_pagination_limit`, `Setting`.`phone_1`, `Setting`.`phone_2`, `Setting`.`mobile`, `Setting`.`fax`, `Setting`.`email_address_1`, `Setting`.`email_address_2`, `Setting`.`address_line_1`, `Setting`.`address_line_2`, `Setting`.`city`, `Setting`.`state_province`, `Setting`.`country`, `Setting`.`business_hours`, `Setting`.`zip_postal_code`, `Setting`.`region`, `Setting`.`copyright` FROM `settings` AS `Setting` WHERE `Setting`.`id` = 1 LIMIT 1110
3SELECT `Programme`.*, `ProgrammeGroup`.*, `I18n__title`.`content`, `I18n__sections_title`.`content`, `I18n__mission_statement`.`content`, `I18n__description`.`content`, `Programme`.`id` FROM `programmes` AS `Programme` LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__title` ON (`Programme`.`id` = `I18n__title`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__title`.`model` = ‘Programme’ AND `I18n__title`.`field` = ‘title’) LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__sections_title` ON (`Programme`.`id` = `I18n__sections_title`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__sections_title`.`model` = ‘Programme’ AND `I18n__sections_title`.`field` = ‘sections_title’) LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__mission_statement` ON (`Programme`.`id` = `I18n__mission_statement`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__mission_statement`.`model` = ‘Programme’ AND `I18n__mission_statement`.`field` = ‘mission_statement’) LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__description` ON (`Programme`.`id` = `I18n__description`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__description`.`model` = ‘Programme’ AND `I18n__description`.`field` = ‘description’) LEFT JOIN `programme_groups` AS `ProgrammeGroup` ON (`Programme`.`programme_group_id` = `ProgrammeGroup`.`id`) WHERE `Programme`.`enabled` = 1 AND `Programme`.`programme_group_id` = 4 AND `I18n__title`.`locale` = ‘eng’ AND `I18n__sections_title`.`locale` = ‘eng’ AND `I18n__mission_statement`.`locale` = ‘eng’ AND `I18n__description`.`locale` = ‘eng’ 330
4SELECT `ProgrammeSection`.`id`, `ProgrammeSection`.`programme_id`, `ProgrammeSection`.`title`, `ProgrammeSection`.`description`, `ProgrammeSection`.`additional_resources`, `ProgrammeSection`.`main_photo_id`, `ProgrammeSection`.`logo_path` FROM `programme_sections` AS `ProgrammeSection` WHERE `ProgrammeSection`.`programme_id` IN (56, 57, 58) 440
5SELECT `Resource`.`id`, `Resource`.`description`, `Resource`.`title`, `Resource`.`resource_category_id`, `Resource`.`filepath`, `Resource`.`webpath`, `Resource`.`size`, `Resource`.`created`, `Resource`.`modified`, `Resource`.`dcount`, `Resource`.`filename`, `Resource`.`type`, `Resource`.`enabled`, `ProgrammesResource`.`id`, `ProgrammesResource`.`programme_id`, `ProgrammesResource`.`resource_id` FROM `resources` AS `Resource` JOIN `programmes_resources` AS `ProgrammesResource` ON (`ProgrammesResource`.`programme_id` IN (56, 57, 58) AND `ProgrammesResource`.`resource_id` = `Resource`.`id`) WHERE `Resource`.`enabled` = 1 220
6SELECT `Album`.`id`, `Album`.`title`, `Album`.`web-title`, `Album`.`description`, `Album`.`parent_id`, `Album`.`lft`, `Album`.`rght`, `Album`.`main_photo_id`, `Album`.`copyright`, `Album`.`enabled`, `Album`.`created`, `Album`.`modified`, `AlbumsProgramme`.`id`, `AlbumsProgramme`.`album_id`, `AlbumsProgramme`.`programme_id` FROM `albums` AS `Album` JOIN `albums_programmes` AS `AlbumsProgramme` ON (`AlbumsProgramme`.`programme_id` IN (56, 57, 58) AND `AlbumsProgramme`.`album_id` = `Album`.`id`) WHERE `Album`.`enabled` = 1 110
7SELECT `Intro`.*, `I18n__title`.`content`, `I18n__body`.`content` FROM `intros` AS `Intro` LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__title` ON (`Intro`.`id` = `I18n__title`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__title`.`model` = ‘Intro’ AND `I18n__title`.`field` = ‘title’) LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__body` ON (`Intro`.`id` = `I18n__body`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__body`.`model` = ‘Intro’ AND `I18n__body`.`field` = ‘body’) WHERE `Intro`.`model` = ‘ProgrammeSection’ AND `I18n__title`.`locale` = ‘eng’ AND `I18n__body`.`locale` = ‘eng’ LIMIT 1000
8SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`website_name`, `Setting`.`website_url`, `Setting`.`logo_path`, `Setting`.`contact_form_email`, `Setting`.`orders_email`, `Setting`.`front_end_pagination_limit`, `Setting`.`back_end_pagination_limit`, `Setting`.`phone_1`, `Setting`.`phone_2`, `Setting`.`mobile`, `Setting`.`fax`, `Setting`.`email_address_1`, `Setting`.`email_address_2`, `Setting`.`address_line_1`, `Setting`.`address_line_2`, `Setting`.`city`, `Setting`.`state_province`, `Setting`.`country`, `Setting`.`business_hours`, `Setting`.`zip_postal_code`, `Setting`.`region`, `Setting`.`copyright` FROM `settings` AS `Setting` WHERE `Setting`.`id` = 1 LIMIT 1110
9SELECT `ProgrammeSection`.*, `Programme`.*, `I18n__title`.`content`, `I18n__description`.`content`, `ProgrammeSection`.`id` FROM `programme_sections` AS `ProgrammeSection` LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__title` ON (`ProgrammeSection`.`id` = `I18n__title`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__title`.`model` = ‘ProgrammeSection’ AND `I18n__title`.`field` = ‘title’) LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__description` ON (`ProgrammeSection`.`id` = `I18n__description`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__description`.`model` = ‘ProgrammeSection’ AND `I18n__description`.`field` = ‘description’) LEFT JOIN `programmes` AS `Programme` ON (`ProgrammeSection`.`programme_id` = `Programme`.`id`) WHERE `ProgrammeSection`.`programme_id` = 49 AND `I18n__title`.`locale` = ‘eng’ AND `I18n__description`.`locale` = ‘eng’ 550
10SELECT `SectionPhoto`.`id`, `SectionPhoto`.`title`, `SectionPhoto`.`description`, `SectionPhoto`.`path`, `SectionPhoto`.`programme_section_id`, `SectionPhoto`.`filename`, `SectionPhoto`.`webpath`, `SectionPhoto`.`size`, `SectionPhoto`.`created` FROM `section_photos` AS `SectionPhoto` WHERE `SectionPhoto`.`programme_section_id` IN (25, 26, 27, 28, 29) 000
11SELECT `ProgrammeSubsection`.`id`, `ProgrammeSubsection`.`programme_section_id`, `ProgrammeSubsection`.`title`, `ProgrammeSubsection`.`description`, `ProgrammeSubsection`.`additional_resources`, `ProgrammeSubsection`.`main_photo_id`, `ProgrammeSubsection`.`logo_path` FROM `programme_subsections` AS `ProgrammeSubsection` WHERE `ProgrammeSubsection`.`programme_section_id` IN (25, 26, 27, 28, 29) 330
12SELECT `Resource`.`id`, `Resource`.`description`, `Resource`.`title`, `Resource`.`resource_category_id`, `Resource`.`filepath`, `Resource`.`webpath`, `Resource`.`size`, `Resource`.`created`, `Resource`.`modified`, `Resource`.`dcount`, `Resource`.`filename`, `Resource`.`type`, `Resource`.`enabled`, `ProgrammeSectionsResource`.`id`, `ProgrammeSectionsResource`.`programme_section_id`, `ProgrammeSectionsResource`.`resource_id` FROM `resources` AS `Resource` JOIN `programme_sections_resources` AS `ProgrammeSectionsResource` ON (`ProgrammeSectionsResource`.`programme_section_id` IN (25, 26, 27, 28, 29) AND `ProgrammeSectionsResource`.`resource_id` = `Resource`.`id`) WHERE `Resource`.`enabled` = 1 220
13SELECT `Album`.`id`, `Album`.`title`, `Album`.`web-title`, `Album`.`description`, `Album`.`parent_id`, `Album`.`lft`, `Album`.`rght`, `Album`.`main_photo_id`, `Album`.`copyright`, `Album`.`enabled`, `Album`.`created`, `Album`.`modified`, `AlbumsProgrammeSection`.`id`, `AlbumsProgrammeSection`.`album_id`, `AlbumsProgrammeSection`.`programme_section_id` FROM `albums` AS `Album` JOIN `albums_programme_sections` AS `AlbumsProgrammeSection` ON (`AlbumsProgrammeSection`.`programme_section_id` IN (25, 26, 27, 28, 29) AND `AlbumsProgrammeSection`.`album_id` = `Album`.`id`) WHERE `Album`.`enabled` = 1 440
14SELECT `Intro`.*, `I18n__title`.`content`, `I18n__body`.`content` FROM `intros` AS `Intro` LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__title` ON (`Intro`.`id` = `I18n__title`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__title`.`model` = ‘Intro’ AND `I18n__title`.`field` = ‘title’) LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__body` ON (`Intro`.`id` = `I18n__body`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__body`.`model` = ‘Intro’ AND `I18n__body`.`field` = ‘body’) WHERE `Intro`.`model` = ‘Programme’ AND `I18n__title`.`locale` = ‘eng’ AND `I18n__body`.`locale` = ‘eng’ LIMIT 1000
15SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`website_name`, `Setting`.`website_url`, `Setting`.`logo_path`, `Setting`.`contact_form_email`, `Setting`.`orders_email`, `Setting`.`front_end_pagination_limit`, `Setting`.`back_end_pagination_limit`, `Setting`.`phone_1`, `Setting`.`phone_2`, `Setting`.`mobile`, `Setting`.`fax`, `Setting`.`email_address_1`, `Setting`.`email_address_2`, `Setting`.`address_line_1`, `Setting`.`address_line_2`, `Setting`.`city`, `Setting`.`state_province`, `Setting`.`country`, `Setting`.`business_hours`, `Setting`.`zip_postal_code`, `Setting`.`region`, `Setting`.`copyright` FROM `settings` AS `Setting` WHERE `Setting`.`id` = 1 LIMIT 1110
16SELECT `Programme`.*, `ProgrammeGroup`.*, `I18n__title`.`content`, `I18n__sections_title`.`content`, `I18n__mission_statement`.`content`, `I18n__description`.`content`, `Programme`.`id` FROM `programmes` AS `Programme` LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__title` ON (`Programme`.`id` = `I18n__title`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__title`.`model` = ‘Programme’ AND `I18n__title`.`field` = ‘title’) LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__sections_title` ON (`Programme`.`id` = `I18n__sections_title`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__sections_title`.`model` = ‘Programme’ AND `I18n__sections_title`.`field` = ‘sections_title’) LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__mission_statement` ON (`Programme`.`id` = `I18n__mission_statement`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__mission_statement`.`model` = ‘Programme’ AND `I18n__mission_statement`.`field` = ‘mission_statement’) LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__description` ON (`Programme`.`id` = `I18n__description`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__description`.`model` = ‘Programme’ AND `I18n__description`.`field` = ‘description’) LEFT JOIN `programme_groups` AS `ProgrammeGroup` ON (`Programme`.`programme_group_id` = `ProgrammeGroup`.`id`) WHERE `Programme`.`enabled` = 1 AND `Programme`.`programme_group_id` = 3 AND `I18n__title`.`locale` = ‘eng’ AND `I18n__sections_title`.`locale` = ‘eng’ AND `I18n__mission_statement`.`locale` = ‘eng’ AND `I18n__description`.`locale` = ‘eng’ 660
17SELECT `ProgrammeSection`.`id`, `ProgrammeSection`.`programme_id`, `ProgrammeSection`.`title`, `ProgrammeSection`.`description`, `ProgrammeSection`.`additional_resources`, `ProgrammeSection`.`main_photo_id`, `ProgrammeSection`.`logo_path` FROM `programme_sections` AS `ProgrammeSection` WHERE `ProgrammeSection`.`programme_id` IN (49, 50, 52, 53, 54, 55) 11110
18SELECT `Resource`.`id`, `Resource`.`description`, `Resource`.`title`, `Resource`.`resource_category_id`, `Resource`.`filepath`, `Resource`.`webpath`, `Resource`.`size`, `Resource`.`created`, `Resource`.`modified`, `Resource`.`dcount`, `Resource`.`filename`, `Resource`.`type`, `Resource`.`enabled`, `ProgrammesResource`.`id`, `ProgrammesResource`.`programme_id`, `ProgrammesResource`.`resource_id` FROM `resources` AS `Resource` JOIN `programmes_resources` AS `ProgrammesResource` ON (`ProgrammesResource`.`programme_id` IN (49, 50, 52, 53, 54, 55) AND `ProgrammesResource`.`resource_id` = `Resource`.`id`) WHERE `Resource`.`enabled` = 1 660
19SELECT `Album`.`id`, `Album`.`title`, `Album`.`web-title`, `Album`.`description`, `Album`.`parent_id`, `Album`.`lft`, `Album`.`rght`, `Album`.`main_photo_id`, `Album`.`copyright`, `Album`.`enabled`, `Album`.`created`, `Album`.`modified`, `AlbumsProgramme`.`id`, `AlbumsProgramme`.`album_id`, `AlbumsProgramme`.`programme_id` FROM `albums` AS `Album` JOIN `albums_programmes` AS `AlbumsProgramme` ON (`AlbumsProgramme`.`programme_id` IN (49, 50, 52, 53, 54, 55) AND `AlbumsProgramme`.`album_id` = `Album`.`id`) WHERE `Album`.`enabled` = 1 550
20SELECT `Intro`.*, `I18n__title`.`content`, `I18n__body`.`content` FROM `intros` AS `Intro` LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__title` ON (`Intro`.`id` = `I18n__title`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__title`.`model` = ‘Intro’ AND `I18n__title`.`field` = ‘title’) LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__body` ON (`Intro`.`id` = `I18n__body`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__body`.`model` = ‘Intro’ AND `I18n__body`.`field` = ‘body’) WHERE `Intro`.`model` = ‘PressRelease’ AND `I18n__title`.`locale` = ‘eng’ AND `I18n__body`.`locale` = ‘eng’ LIMIT 1000
21SELECT `Setting`.`id`, `Setting`.`website_name`, `Setting`.`website_url`, `Setting`.`logo_path`, `Setting`.`contact_form_email`, `Setting`.`orders_email`, `Setting`.`front_end_pagination_limit`, `Setting`.`back_end_pagination_limit`, `Setting`.`phone_1`, `Setting`.`phone_2`, `Setting`.`mobile`, `Setting`.`fax`, `Setting`.`email_address_1`, `Setting`.`email_address_2`, `Setting`.`address_line_1`, `Setting`.`address_line_2`, `Setting`.`city`, `Setting`.`state_province`, `Setting`.`country`, `Setting`.`business_hours`, `Setting`.`zip_postal_code`, `Setting`.`region`, `Setting`.`copyright` FROM `settings` AS `Setting` WHERE `Setting`.`id` = 1 LIMIT 1110
22SELECT `PressRelease`.*, `I18n__title`.`content`, `I18n__summary`.`content`, `I18n__body`.`content` FROM `press_releases` AS `PressRelease` LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__title` ON (`PressRelease`.`id` = `I18n__title`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__title`.`model` = ‘PressRelease’ AND `I18n__title`.`field` = ‘title’) LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__summary` ON (`PressRelease`.`id` = `I18n__summary`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__summary`.`model` = ‘PressRelease’ AND `I18n__summary`.`field` = ‘summary’) LEFT JOIN `i18n` AS `I18n__body` ON (`PressRelease`.`id` = `I18n__body`.`foreign_key` AND `I18n__body`.`model` = ‘PressRelease’ AND `I18n__body`.`field` = ‘body’) WHERE `PressRelease`.`enabled` = 1 AND `I18n__title`.`locale` = ‘eng’ AND `I18n__summary`.`locale` = ‘eng’ AND `I18n__body`.`locale` = ‘eng’ ORDER BY `published` DESC, `id` DESC LIMIT 1