Extremely thoughtful

You need to be extremely thoughtful about how you adorn a traditional attire. These are not costumes as some call it, instead they are a significant aspect of someone’s culture. It has a richness with regard to symbolism. Take time to browse online on my company to learn about the various traditional dresses. Also find out how its worn in their respective countries.

Wish to relieve yourself from stress

Wish to relieve yourself from stress? The easiest way is to take your mind away from what you are going through in life. You can do this by going to the kitchen and start baking a batch of your favorite goodies. It the best way to stay engaged. Also a chocolate cookie serves as a good treat. It is also been proven that baking helps in relieving stress and strain. Baking and offering to other individuals create a wave of accomplishment that you can boast about. Let’s dive in to find out the benefits concerning baking and the reason why it makes you glad.

Offers directions to follow.

Baking is science in itself and is great process. It involves various steps that has to be done in a particular order to make the desired goodies. It also provides you with a couple of basic instructions for useful reference, that you need to follow. However, you should have enough patience and concentration to follow the guidelines accurately.

Makes you explore your creativity.

Baking allows your creative skills to soar high. You can create wonders using your creativity which is also an effective method to release stress. Be it making a freshly baked cake or decorating the cupcakes, you can allow you ideas to flow. Creative shills needn’t necessarily have to be seen by others. You can try mixing up the ingredients to create what you want.

Complete control lies in your hands.

Apart from the necessary items, you can decide the amount of a particular ingredient you want. You can also include an entirely new ingredient to enhance the flavors in your recipe if you wish. Feel free to customize the recipe to suit your preference.

Physically connects your body and mind.

Baking creates a rhythmic flow where you have the continuous sound of the flour mixer at the background. This is followed by ingredients that you measure and keep adding to it. Or even kneading the dough using your hands. It provides you with a therapeutic method of relaxation especially for those who are occupied with a busy lifestyle.

Sharing your creation is an art of expression.

There are moments in life when you may not be able to express yourself well using words. That’s when baked goodies come into action. They are the perfect method to let somebody know that you really care and will always be around for them. In addition to that, who would be able to reject a delicious and scrumptiously baked cookie.

Do you remember

Do you remember the last time you read a great magazine post or a book? Is your daily reading confined to posts on Twitter, Instagram, Facebook status updates or steps on a good food packaging? If you are part of the majority who lack the habit of perusing regularly, well you are missing out  on many great things. Reading accompanies a large amount of advantages. You can navigate to this website to find out the benefits.

Reduces stress.

Facing a lot of stress at your workplace or personal relationships? Need to handle lots of problems that takes place in your life on a daily basis? The remedy would be: taking some time to dive into a well written story. A great novel can take you to places and make you step into a different realm. Whereas an interesting article can attract you to stay in the present moment. This helps you to drain away the stress and tensions and make you relax in a carefree manner.

Stimulates mentally.

Researches have found that being stimulated mentally decreases the advancement of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. This is because maintaining the brain at an active state and keeping it engaged prevents you losing the memory power. Similar to the other muscles present in the body, the brain also needs exercises to stay fit and healthy. Playing logical game such as chess or solving puzzles have shown great result concerning cognitive stimulation.

Knowledge.

Each time you spent for reading you get to fill your brain with a collection of fresh information. You wont know when it might turn to be helpful. The greater knowledge you possess, the more equipped you will be to handle any challenges that will come your way. Lastly, here’s the best advice! In case you find yourself in an extremely dire condition, remember you will lose things like money, possession, health or even your favorite job. However knowledge is an intangible asset that no one will be able to snatch it from you.

Boosts Memory power.

As you read through a book, you will come across a large number of characters, ambitions, background, nuances and history. You may also find many sub plots and arcs that weaves itself perfectly throughout the novel. However your brain has to recollect all these pieces. Your brain is a marvelous organ that can remember things easily. Every fresh memory you make forges new brain pathways and offers the existing ones the much needed strength. This is soo cool that it helps recall short memory loss and stabilizes the moods

Saint Lucia

Saint Lucia is situated in the West Indies and it is called as the sovereign island country. The old name of this island is called lyonola and this is named by Amerindians. Later it is called as Hewanorra by native Caribs. It covers about 238 square miles land area. The population has been found to be 165,595 according to the report of 2010 census. The Islands first settler is French people. British thought to take the island under their control and they try these out by conducting war with the France for fourteen times.

The rule of the Saint Lucia changed often and it is ruled for seven times by France and seven times by British. Later in 1814, the island came to British control completely. Due to the switching of the island between French and British, it is also called as Helen of the West Indies .West Indies Federation was established and the island is a member of this federation. In 1972, the Saint Lucia got independent and became the member of the common wealth of nations. They follow the mixed jurisdiction, both the civil and English common law are followed in the legal system.

The island is mountainous and volcanic and found to be more height form the sea level. The landmark which is famous in the island is Pitons. It is the only famous island which contains the drive in volcano.teh forest area consists of about 77% of the land area. Castries is the capital of the island. More population is concentrated around the coastal region and in the interior, it is sparsely populated.

The island has the tropical temperature and it gets moderate trade winds in the summer season. The average daytime and night time temperature is found to be 30 °C and 24 °C respectively. The island is a developing nation and the economy of that nation depends upon the industries and agriculture. They made more development in the construction of roads, water supply, communications and more port facilities. This made the attraction of the foreigners to invest in the tourism and in the storage of petroleum and they transported it by ships.

The main source of the economy for Saint Lucia is the foreign business and their investment and banking and industries. The island is popular place for tourism due to its tropical weather and sceneries. The government taken the steps to reconstruct their economy by eliminating the price controls and they made the banana company as a private sector.

A booklet being published

A booklet being published about the Creole Heritage has all the details about the events that will happen in the Heritage month. The booklet is very useful in such a way that it has all the details both for the local people and the tourists. Everyone can be benefited with the book. The traders like local trader, Bitcoin Trader, foreign trader and many other similar traders are also benefited from the information from this booklet in various aspects. The publication of such a booklet is a part of this event. Some of the important events that take place in an evening of the program are very interesting that draws the attention.

  • The term story telling is not just a word. It is the art of communication. This is been common in all cultures in this world. This art of storytelling may depend on myths, fables, etc. Since from the past, some of the stories revolve around the same plot with same characters and the same scenes. The emotion (horror, adventure, mystery, happiness, tears, etc) of a person is greatly disturbed by the act of storytelling. Generally, the story tellers think in a high level and show cases even the simple situation as a complex one. It builds the imagination, self esteem, communication in oneself. A good story teller keeps the audience eyes only on them.
  • Poetry is the way a poet can pass on the message in a strong feeling. The words used in the poem are very effective such that it touches the inner feeling of a person in an effective manner. Some poems may be crisp while some may be elaborate. It all depends on the genres. Being a poet involves excessive thinking in a out of box range. Each poet has their own style of writing the poem. It is a game of words and the rhythm. Understanding poetry is somewhat complex because of the words and the phrases used. A good poetry should touch the heart of a person.
  • Music is a way of communicating with the people in the form of sound, rhythm, words, harmony, melody, voices and the instruments. It can be said that, there is no one in this world who hates music. It is the music that keeps the people active and refreshed. It helps us get relieved from the stress, anxiety, depression and anger. It touches out soul through the ears.

Areas Of Your Business Which Needs Constant Innovation

When you run your business the same way in the same style and manner, soon you would be out of the market.  When you examine how small business firms grew into large giants you would be amazed at the way they use ‘innovation’ techniques.  Finding some new and useful idea and implementing it in different areas of your business can help you gain financially.  The following areas need constant innovation:

  1. User-Centric production:  When businesses do not step into the shoes of the customer and start assuming things by themselves, they fail miserably.  Making changes in the product every now and then according to user pulse and need would help in capturing the market.  For example, this new crypto called crypto genius has many user-friendly features which makes it as a preferred choice among crypto investors.  Have a peek at these for learning more.
  2. Customer support:  Now days almost all of the business houses are using artificial intelligence such as chatbots for customer support.  Thus, providing customer support round the clock becomes easily possible.  The customer support should be done in a very prompt manner like a crypto genius.  Innovation in this area can always help in keeping the customers close and satisfied.  Surveys reveal that only customers who feel to be left stranded quit a product and switch over to another.  You can easily avoid this.
  3. Finance functions:  Almost all of the finance functions of business needs innovation to reduce mistakes and malpractices.  This will accelerate revenue flow into the business and help in avoiding costly errors which might impact the future of the business house.  Innovation can help in identifying idle funds and investing them in profitable modes like a crypto genius.  Tracking of funds becomes easier.
  4. Process automation:  Companies should invest a considerable amount in process automation improvement.  Innovation in this area can speed up various business functions like product delivery, wastage reduction, inventory replenishment, and data entry.  Errors can be eliminated and any delays in the processes can be easily sorted out and avoided.  When the overall organizational function is fast, the efficiency improves at a great level.  This will create more happy employees and the attrition rate will be less.  As a result, more happy customers will be created who remain loyal to the product.

Thus, finding out new and better ways of doing things in a business is always important.  This can help in staying updated so that the product does not become obsolete.

Marie Selipha “Sesenne” Descartes

Born: March 28th, 1913

She is best known as Sesenne. She is a Lucian singer and cultural icon. She is well known for singing in her own language. It was St. Lucia who made Sesenne to record her singings. Here is the weblink for her first recording. This was played in the radio which took Sesenne to the next stage in her life.
Place of Birth: La Pointe, Micoud

Sesenne Descartes is the grand dame of St Lucian folk culture.  A chantwelle of extraordinary talent, Sesenne captivated the imagination of all who heard her and as a result she was a central figure in the revival of the folk song and dance traditions of St Lucia that had threatened to fade into obscurity.

‘Today Sesenne’s influence has filtered through and inspired the recent achievement of two singing groups, “The Helenites” and “The Hewanorra Voices,” both of which have recorded a long playing record of St. Lucian songs. She is undisputedly the Queen of St. Lucia Folk singing and wrapped in that petite little bundle of Marie Descartes is the graceful stiffness of the French Court, the warm folksiness of the Patience soil, the spontaneous gaiety of the St. Lucia countryside and the deep religious fervor of the St. Lucia Catholic – all in all, there is something that represents the quintessence of St. Lucia “soul” in Sesenne.’ – The Crusader, Saturday March 18, 1972

Armelle Mathurin, Saint Lucia Special Edition, December 2000 writes:

In the St. Lucian context, the name of Sesenne is synonymous with culture. Say “Sesenne” and you talk about culture. Think about her and you are thinking about culture. See her perform or hear her sing and you are held spellbound in captivated admiration of one of the most talented daughters of the land; Sesenne! “Queen of Culture in St. Lucia!”

Born in a rural community in the days when “manners made the man”, Sesenne grew up in the rich cultural environment of her home at La Pointe, Micoud. She was born on March 28th, 1913. She learned and enjoyed the stories, songs, dances and ring games from her parents, her grandmother and the general community of her youth. Her youthful and impressionable mind sopped up all forms of the folklore, songs and dance like a sponge. Having absorbed a rich repertoire of our cultural heritage and having a fund of great natural talents, Sesenne gave all back to her native land. Her gifted performances and her prominence in the cultural field provide a glimpse of the St. Lucia of our great-grand-parents.

Sesenne, whose real name is Marie Clepha Descartes, became a common household name, throughout the Micoud area. She was first singled out for her outstanding vocal talent when she was about eighteen years old. At that time, her father was the reigning La Rose King and her mother was the Queen of La Rose. Her father needed a ‘chantwelle,’ so he chose her because of her impressive vocal ability. He never regretted the choice. That decision introduced and established Sesenne as a vocalist and entertainer.

In her own words, Sesenne explained that her voice rose above and could be clearly heard in a choir of about 300 people. Full of zest for life, the vibrancy of youth and a deep and intense love for all that was gay, happy and joyful, she sang lustily and untiringly to the delight of all who heard her.

La Rose was not the only area in which she gave her vocal talent. She took part in all forms of dances; Débot, Kontwidance, Konte, La Commette, Belair and Ring Games as a very accomplished dancer with body co-ordination that was a marvel to see. She won many prizes for best performance at dances and singing competitions. Sesenne was also responsible for the invention of many dance steps to local and other tunes, chief of which was the Bonjé, s Spanish song brought to La Pointe by her brother Welson Charlery from Cuba.

Sesenne remained a local entertainer in Micoud for many years, until she was discovered by Miss Grace Augustin (a local proprietress of Patience, Micoud) who ran a guest house known as “The Hotel” on the Castries/Micoud highway. The innovative spirit of Miss Grace Augustin led her to organize a group of local performers to entertain her guests. Sesenne was chosen as the principal performer. She had a wonderful band made up of violin, guitar, mandolin, quartro, banjo and chak-chak. The quality of praise given to Sesenne and the appreciation expressed to her and her band motivated Miss Augustin to introduce them to the management of Blue Waters Hotel and other hotels in Castries.

sesenne dancing web.jpg

One event lead to another and very soon Sesenne and her band were introduced to Harold Simmons, whose role, as if by instinct, was that of avant garde – “The Father of St. Lucian Culture.” Sesenne made an immediate impact and impression on Mr. Simmons, who besides making many live recordings of her performances spent much time projecting her as an accomplished and gifted artiste.

It was as a result of Simmons’ recordings that Sesenne’s voice became well known nationally and that she was subsequently considered to be the most suitable all round artiste to represent St. Lucia at Expo 67; a precursor of the Caribbean Festival of Arts. Expo 67 was held in Grenada.

She had to be found for the purpose. The job of finding the owner of the voice was given to Mr. Eric Brandford, who after a long and careful search from Praslin to Patience, finally met with Sesenne at her home in La Pointe. He appraised her of his mission and sought her consent to be party to the representative group of St. Lucian performers to travel to Grenada. She agreed after a mild hesitation as she had never traveled abroad before.

The result of the journey to Grenada was that Sesenne won the crown for St. Lucia with her famous immortal song, simply known as “WHY”. Sesenne herself described the event thus. By the time she had sung the first few bars of Namai-la-di-why, she noticed people moving up and down in their seats like so many yo-yos. She sang the verses and the audience chorused “Why!” At the end of the rendition there was a deafening resounding round of applause. That was repeated three times until finally she was rescued off the stage by someone.

The uniqueness of Sesenne’s peerless vocal quality was revealed by her account of the efforts made by so many singers and chantwels to sing WHY but without success. Some sang too high and some sang too low. They were incapable of mastering the wide range of pitch and tone crystalized in that song. They concluded that only Sesenne could sing WHY with credibility. Anyone wanting a proper rendition of WHY would have to hear Sesenne as she alone could sing it. Sesenne compared her voice to the sound of a saxophone and claimed to have more than five vocal pitches.

Her tour of Grenada brought her into contact with other well known cultural personalities like Eric Adley and Joyce Auguste with whom she shared a very warm friendship.

Those of use who have not had the good fortune to see Sesenne in action as singer, dancer, storyteller have not been left totally unexposed to her great talent, as much of her work was recorded and can be retrieved on tape. In fact she can still be heard on radio particularly during the La Rose Festival or at Christmas time when many of her songs are replayed.

Sesenne’s greatest asset was the warmth of her personality, her generous disposition and her attitude of service before self. She was truly warm-hearted, outgoing and vivacious; a truly gracious woman with a Creole eloquence that can be compared to the best in the land.

Had she had the opportunity Sesenne would have made a fortune from trading her talent and would have earned enough to bask in luxury and comfort. Rather, she spent the better part of her life sharing herself and her God-given talents with her people. The mother of a family of nine children, Sesenne still found time from her busy and packed scheduled of baker, mother, and housewife to participate in social activities of her community with singular devotion and steadfastness. She organized and carried out house to house prayer meetings long before the days of the charismatic renewal. She instructed candidates for first communion and confirmation. She joined in an assisted at fetes, deaths, funerals, illnesses and cases of emergency. She gave her help at parish bazaars and La Rose Festivals. Sesenne was extremely sensitive and soft-hearted and would breakdown under sorrow and sadness as easily as would rise to elation in the face of joy.

Sesenne’s personality was charismatic. She wished and tried to impart her expertise to any willing pupil or followers. But there was no one person who could absorb so much distinguish talent and ability by mere imitation and practice. Artistes like Sesenne are few and far apart and some about once in so many generations. The most that could have been done was to enjoy and preserve the best of her productions so that the younger generation of St. Lucians could savour and imbibe her indigenous art.

Sesenne had many a glorious moment in her career as a renowned entertainer. She was awarded the British Empire Medal (B.E.M) in 1972. But no moment brought more joy and satisfaction to her as the night of October 28, 1984 when before a packed audience in the Catholic Church of Mon Repos in her immediate community, she was publicly acclaimed and proclaimed “Queen of Culture in St. Lucia”, a tribute well deserved and graciously received.

Dame Sesenne Descartes 1914-2010

Dame Sesenne Descartes 1914-2010

St. Lucia’s Queen of folk culture, Dame Sesenne Descartes has died at the age of 96. The Folk Research Centre extends condolences to her family and home community of La Pointe, Mon Repos.

In 2005, she was declared by the Folk Research Centre a National Cultural Hero. From her discovery by the late Harold Simmons and Eric Branford in the fifties, Dame Sesenne has inspired several generations of St. Lucia with her unique voice and her musical compositions. The easiest method to learn music composition is to by heart tiny fragments of the music. Then slowly learn to alter and join those fragments in unique patterns. The procedure of altering helps you to understand it better. From this website, you will find that this is similar to the way how composers where traditionally instructed.

The Folk Research Centre is preparing for publication a biography of the famous folk singer. Following is an excerpt from the forthcoming book.

EARLY LIFE

Marie Selipha Descartes, nee Charlery, or Sesenne, as she is known, was born in La Pointe, Micoud, on 28 March 1914. She was the fifth and last child of Tewannee and Sony. Sony was a subsistence farmer like his father before him. Tewannee, Sesenne’s mother, served the needs of her family by caring for her children and tending to her various house duties.

St. Lucia was then a colony of Great Britain. But it had a lasting French heritage that was reflected in the vernacular – French patois, ‘Creole’ or ‘Kweyol’ – and the potent and pervasive influence of the Roman Catholic Church – the religion which was professed by over 98% of the population. Many communities were concentrated in coastal areas. Agriculture was dominated by sugar cane, which formed the basis of the economy. This economy was based on subsistence farming. It was within this social context that Sesenne was raised, and within this framework she enjoyed her youth.

Sesenne was a product of her environment; she was raised by her parents and aunt with all the requirements of social etiquette. In her words, “I was raised to respect all adults.”

She spent most of her time as a child with her maternal aunt (her mother’s sister) and her aunt’s husband. Her aunt treated her as if she were her own. Her aunt was called ‘Nenen’ (godmother) by relatives or ‘Ma Chadwick’ by friends and acquaintances.

It was ‘Nenen’ who exposed Sesenne to spiritual devotion and the practice of her Catholic faith. Sesenne enjoyed both praying and singing. ‘Nenen’ was a prayerful individual who arose early every morning to say her daily prayers. Sesenne would be alerted to ‘Nenen’s’ rising by the clinging or chiming sound produced by the eight bracelets which she wore around her wrist. Sesenne and ‘Nenen’ would pray the rosary together, and they would often pray various prayers in patois, especially the Lord’s Prayer. These early lessons in piety would prove to be a life-shaping experience and a very valuable tool in her adult life as a catechist.

Sesenne was a ‘spiritual guru’ from her youth – she presided over prayer with her siblings and parents at home and her parents never objected to the practice. That spiritual exercise – praying in common with her family helped to reinforce the family’s unity, and to develop their moral discipline.

The various prayers and spiritual exercises that Sesenne practiced were very productive because she learned to be humble and modest amid all the recognition and praises from her relatives and acquaintances. “Of my mother’s three daughters, I was the youngest, yet none had the talent I had…”

She further stated that all her sisters were talented in various ways; one of her elder sisters was proficient at grating cassava very effectively and quickly.

The community of La Pointe was a closely-knit community where each person was his brother’s keeper. The nucleus of the community comprised the elders, teachers, and principal and various other persons of importance in the community. Nobody was a stranger. The school played a pivotal role in the socialization of children, and teachers were viewed as second parents. Sesenne attended the Patience School where she was loved by friends and teachers alike. Like any child, she enjoyed playing games and having fun.

Unfortunately, things went horribly wrong. Sesenne the girl who would sing and dance for everyone who requested a private show; the obedient and disciplined child, the girl loved by both teachers and students at school, ended her primary education abruptly. It was out of fear of her principal over alleged remarks he made concerning her flaunting herself. These remarks were made in her absence, for she was attending the wedding of one of her sisters. It was the students who informed Sesenne of the principal’s statements. While Sesenne admits she did not hear the statements herself, it is the content of the statements that distressed her. She considered herself to be a modest youth, yet she was being accused of immodesty. Her mother tried her best to coax Sesenne into returning to school, yet she was too terrified of the principal to do so. Sesenne considered this incident to be the turning point in her educational life. She further added that if things had not occurred as they did she would have been highly educated.

Great things awaited Sesenne and time would reveal them. Sesenne chose to remain at home with her mother and she steadfastly assisted her mother with daily duties, such as the laundry and cooking.

Sesenne’s raw singing and dancing talent would soon be exposed to the entire public. It would be her father, Sony, who would first expose her to the public. Sony had plans to start a La Rose group in the Micoud area and he needed a lead singer. Sesenne was then posed with the challenge of being lead singer/chantwelle of that new La Rose group. Sesenne was about eight years old at the time. Her father first informed her mother of his decision to place her in the group because he believed she was the best individual to become the chantwelle. Sesenne accepted and she took her first bold steps into folk culture history. Sesenne said of her distinct and pristine voice, “Everyone was envious of my voice…” and “…when I sang I could be heard in Magretout…”

At the peak of the La Rose celebrations in Mon Repos, a huge crowd of La Rose fans awaited the commencement of the séance. Sesenne realized that the crowd was growing impatient so she requested that coffee be served to the people in an effort to curb their increasing frustration. The ushers at the séance organized many teacups to be filled with coffee for whoever wanted a drink. And as if that was not enough, Sesenne asked the ushers to cut the two cakes that was gifted to the La Rose group into small pieces so that everyone could get a taste. The people were all appreciative of that gesture of genuine hospitality. When all of that was done, Sesenne stepped onto the stage and sang these words – “ah ya yai mamai La Rose, pa plé wé!” – the crowd went into an uproar. That story served as confirmatory evidence of Sesenne’s wise counsel and her ability to stir a crowd at will.

Sesenne had now gained great fame and affection in the Micoud district. She was master of various dances including the ‘mapa,’ ‘quadrille,’ ‘bakalow’; also the ‘mazouk,’ ‘meina,’ ‘chalstan,’ and the ‘belair.’ She was chantwelle of the La Rose group in Micoud and an exceptional teller of ‘kont.’ That was precisely why she was approached by Grace Augustin, the proprietor of The Patience House – a local inn within the Patience community. Grace Augustine employed Sesenne as an entertainer for her guests, both local and foreign. The Patience House experience helped to expose Sesenne to a more diverse audience, and it helped to create greater awareness of the skill and talent of this unique folk singer.

Sesenne was at the peak of her artistic life. Her voice was envied and admired, even by the chantwelles of the La Marguerite group. She had the ability to sing seven different pitches in synchrony. One person described her as an orchestra simply because of her ability to create these different pitches. And these sounds were summoned at will by simply touching her throat!

Harold Simmons heard of this “Rose of the East” and wanted to meet her. Simmons sent Eric Branford to Mon Repos in search of Sesenne. After some time Branford found Sesenne’s residence and began discussions with her on plans to record her music, which Sesenne consented to after some deliberation. Harry Simmons then introduced an American anthropologist named Dan Crowley to Sesenne. Crowley wanted to record some of St. Lucia’s folk cultural music to document and preserve it for later generations.  The recordings were made and Sesenne’s music was then being aired on radio. That single initiative helped to disseminate Sesenne’s music, propelling her into the annals of Saint Lucian history as the “Queen of Culture.” In the eighties, an audio cassette was produced by the Department of Culture with help from Ronald “Boo’ Hinkson, noted Saint Lucian guitarist.

In the midst of all this, Sesenne continued steadfastly in her Catholic faith teaching catechism to children and catechumens. Many of the catechumens were older than Sesenne’s mother, but they all respected her. It was the resident priest at the Micoud Roman Catholic Church who commissioned her to undertake the work of catechist.

 Achievements

Sesenne has remained quietly content with herself and her achievements. Her life has rewarded her with seven children; approximately thirty-four grandchildren; and thirty-eight great-grandchildren. They are the heirs to her cultural wealth and the keepers of her spiritual wealth.

Sesenne has been the recipient of the British Empire Medal (B.E.M.) in 1972 and the St. Lucia Medal of Merit (SLMM). In 2000, she was awarded the honour of Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (D.B.E.) for folk culture and art and community service on the occasion of St. Lucia’s 25th anniversary of  Independence, hence, her title “Dame”.

While these honours have served to establish the distinguished achievements of Dame Sesenne, none have been more appreciated and well-loved as the title “Queen of Culture.” On October 28, 1984 in the presence of relatives, friends, and well-wishers in the Mon Repos Roman Catholic Church, Sesenne was hailed categorically as the “Queen of Culture in St. Lucia.” It was in Mon Repos she was crowned with that title.

Apart from the various honours conferred upon Sesenne, she also received various other accolades, including:

·         The United Workers Party Women’s Arm – acknowledging her contribution to the culture of St. Lucia, in March 1992.

·         The Ministry of Community Development, Culture, Local Government and Co-operatives and the La Rose Community – for her contribution to the La Rose Festival.

·         “Les Danseurs” award in 1990.

·         The Ministry for Women’s Affairs – on the occasion of International Women’s Day, March 8, 1998.

·         Music Hall of Fame, Caribbean Broadcasting Union (CBU) – for lasting contribution to the development of music in St. Lucia.

·         In 2000, at the CARIFESTA held in St. Kitts, she was granted the Caricom distinguished citizen award, the Order of Caricom.

·         In 2005, the FRC declared Dame Sesenne Descartes and the late Harold Simmons, National Cultural Heroes.

In 1992, during his Nobel lecture in Stockholm, Derek Walcott spoke of Sesenne, quoting one of her songs. Later in his book The Bounty (1997), the Nobel laureate wrote of Sesenne’s voice and singing in a poem titled “Homecoming.” That poem begins, “My country heart, I am not home till Sesenne sings, A voice with woodsmoke and ground-doves in it..”

Konnèt FRC

Sé nan mil nèf san swasant twèz (1973) FRC a té établi. Lè i établi a, lidé sé moun-lan ki établi’y la sété pou wéjistwé èk dokimanté kilti péyi-a, èk édé moun apwésyé’y èk ankouwajé yo enstwi sé jennès-la sé bagay-sala. FRC-a ni an manman bibliyotèk ; nan bibliyotèk-sala yo ni anpil liv, anchay vidéyo èk foto (pòtwé). Sé pa dé jan isi èk jan lòt péyi ki ja sèvi bibliyotèk-sala pou yo étidyé kilti Sent Lisi.

Mi sé pli gwo wèskonsablité-a FRC-a ni asou kont li a :

  • Pofondé nan kilti Sent Lisi (sa vlé di étidyé’y) ;
  • éséyé konpwann valè kilti nan dévlopman pèp péyi-a ;
  • édé dévlopé kilti pèp nou.
  • In a society of people, culture is the main and important thing. It is something that is being practiced from the past. Rather than saying practice; it can ne said as it is a way of expressing oneself in a perfect way in the society amidst people. They are the cause of emotional and intellectual experiences. It can also be said as it is the way of preserving the community’s sense of place and timings. It is the culture that brings the people together with peace and manlihood. Our culture provides the intrinsic value along with the social and economic benefits. One can check this out to explore the effectiveness of the intrinsic values. Along with the education we get, tolerance and the ability to move with the people; culture enhances the quality of the life to a greater extent in the society of people.

Apa di sé étid la FRC-a ka fè asou kilti péyi-a, i ni diféwan aktivité ka mennen pou édé kilti-a fè pwogwé : i ka bay lison kwéyòl ; i ni aktivité bay manmay gwo lékòl (primary school ; école primaire) èk bay manmay lékòl sigondè (secondary school ; collège) ; twadouksyon nan kwéyòl ; grafi kwéyòl…

Sé nan mwa d’òktòb FRC-a ka fété pli gwo aktivité kiltiwèl pou lanné-a : mwa éwitaj kwéyòl. Péyi-a ka fété jounen kwéyòl an finisman mwa-a. Sa sé an sélébwasyon ki ka fèt an diféwan konmin ; an sélébwasyon mizik, manjé, èk dòt twadisyon kwéyòl. Sé nan mil nèf san katwiven kat (1984) Sent Lisi koumansé fété  jounen kwéyòl, èk pou pou wivé jòdi-a, pa ni pyès dòt sélébwasyon pou bat li.

FRC-a ka twavay èvèk dòt òganizasyon isi kon lòt péyi pou édé moun konpwann valè kilti pèp-la nan dévlopman péyi.

A History of St. Lucia

The first-ever comprehensive history of St Lucia is now in local bookstores. The authors hope it will become a tool for teaching students about their island’s past, as well as providing St Lucians world-wide with a detailed and factual history of their own ancestors’ lives. As history is an imp source from which we can learn the past.

“A HISTORY OF  ST LUCIA” covers the period from the island’s creation to the passing in 2007 of  long serving Prime Minister and “Father of the Nation”, Sir John Compton, the architect of independence.

The 400-plus page book records the island’s geological formation and subsequent Amerindian occupation, through colonization by France and England to the rise and fall of the sugar industry, the tribulations of slavery, the Brigand wars, Emancipation, the struggle for independence, dignity and respectability, the birth of trade unions and political parties, the demise of the sugar industry and the social revolution created by the advent of bananas as an economic emancipator.

The book was originally commissioned by British publisher MacMillan Caribbean, whose efforts to produce it were derailed by the 2008 world economic crisis. However, the three authors decided that such a vitally important book simply could not be abandoned at that stage and, given the tremendous amount of work already put into the project, decided to produce the book themselves.

Principal driving force behind A HISTORY OF ST LUCIA was Dutch-born Jolien Harmsen, one of the three authors, who has lived in Vieux Fort since 1994 and holds a PhD in Social History based on research done on the island.

Another author is former Director of the St Lucia National Trust Robert Devaux, who has spent a lifetime promoting the conservation of St Lucia’s natural and cultural heritage and has several published works to his credit.

The trio of authors is rounded off by journalist Guy Ellis, whose career has run side by side with the island’s more recent past and who has written books on St Lucia as well.

An interesting aspect of the content of A HISTORY OF ST LUCIA is the choice of some very unique photographs of developments on the island over the years. For  instance, the cover design by Cecile Wiltshire features an uncommon photograph  of two local women’s teams playing a cricket match in Castries around 1900.

A HISTORY OF ST LUCIA is published by Lighthouse Road Publications of Vieux Fort. It is already available for sale at the island’s leading bookstores.

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